West Nile Virus
Named after the West Nile District of Uganda discovered in 1937.
Named by European explorers for the Guinea coast of West Africa in the 1600s.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Named after the mountain range spreading across western North America first recognized first in 1896 in Idaho.
Named after a large outbreak of the disease occurred in Lyme and Old Lyme, Connecticut in the 1970s.
Ross River Fever
Named after a mosquito found to cause the disease in the Ross River of Queensland, Australia by the 1960s. The first major outbreak occurred in 1928.
Omsk Hemorrhagic Fever
Named after its 1940s discovery in Omsk, Russia.
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
Named in 1976 for the Ebola River in Zaire located in central Africa.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
Also known as “camel flu,” MERS was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and all cases are linked to those who traveled to the Middle Eastern peninsula.
Valley Fever earned its nickname from a 1930s outbreak San Joaquin Valley of California, though its first case came from Argentina.
Marburg Virus Disease
Named after Marburg, Germany in 1967.
Named after Norwalk, Ohio after an outbreak in 1968.
First discovered in 1947 and named after the Zika Forest in Uganda.
Named after its first case in Japan in 1871.
Named after the German doctors who first described it in the 18th century. The disease is also sometimes referred to as “Rubella.”
While the true origins of the Spanish Flu remain unknown, the disease earned its name after Spain began to report deaths from the flu in its newspapers.
Named after the being found in Lassa, Nigeria in 1969.
Named in 1976 following an outbreak of people contracting the lung infection after attending an American Legion convention in Philadelphia.
Wuhan (which is in China) or Chinese Coronavirus - supposedly racist.